Liveability Guides

Find out about the symbols for renewable and recycled paper. Next time you’re buying paper for your home printer check the certification on the pack and match it to what matters to you.

Guide to Paper Symbols

Centre for Liveability Real Estate

Confused about paper certification? Here’s the low-down

It’s true that paper production is based on raw materials that require energy to manufacture, but many companies are now producing attractive paper which is, to different degrees, renewable and recyclable. So next time you’re buying paper for your home printer check the certification on the pack and match it to what matters to you. Of course, how you use the paper is important too!

Below is a list of the most common environmental certified logos and what they mean.

 recycled paper Recycled
Manufactured with recovered fibre. Recycled fibres have been extracted from existing paper products, to be used in the manufacture of further paper products. Recycled paper can be 100% recycled or mixed with virgin fibre to improve consistency.PCW – Post consumer waste
PCW fibre is made from reprocessing or de-inking paper that has been used by a consumer. The use of recycled fibre reduces the pressure on forest land and protects its ability to absorb carbon for longer. By using recycled cardboard and paper you are helping to reduce waste that would otherwise go to landfill.Pre consumer waste
Only uses waste from the mill itself, such as mill broke and offcuts. The fibre has not been used by an end consumer.
  Carbon Neutral Carbon neutral
A product and/or operation that has had its carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions:
1) Calculated
2) Reduced where possible
3) “Offset” through credits that fund renewable, emission free energy products. The Kyoto Protocol mandates that these offsets must be “real, verifiable and additional to what would have otherwise occurred”.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.23.48 PM ISO 14001 EMS – International Organisation for Standardisation
Paper is manufactured by a mill that is accredited with ISO 14001 EMS, the international standard for organising and achieving continual improvement in environmental management systems. This standard reviews the total manufacturing process and seeks continual improvement in aspects such as energy efficiency, waste reduction and pollution control.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.23.41 PM Responsible forestry practices
Fibre used in the production of paper that shows this symbol is sourced from pulp suppliers who practise responsible forestry techniques and/or use paper from managed plantation forests.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.28.03 PM TCF – Totally chlorine free
No chlorine gases are used in the bleaching process. TCF cannot apply to recycled papers because the source fibre cannot be determined.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.28.08 PM ECF – Elemental chlorine free
ECF indicates a paper that is made without the use of elemental chlorine. ECF pulp is produced with chlorine compounds, a bleaching alternative that serves to reduce harmful by-products.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.29.16 PM PCF – Process chlorine free
Paper that contains post consumer recycled fibre that was processed without the use of any additional chlorine or chlorine compounds. 
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.24.31 PM Australian made
Stock that displays this symbol is manufactured in Australia.

Accreditation Covering the Responsible Forestries

 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.24.38 PM FSC – Forest Stewardship Council
Pulp sourced from forests that have been certified by the Forest Stewardship Council. FSC works to promote responsible forestry, conserve biological diversity and protect old growth forests. FSC also includes a ‘chain of custody’ system that tracks paper from the forest, all the way to finished material offering clients complete paper traceability.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.24.42 PM PEFC – Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
PEFC is a framework for auditing forestry operations and promoting sustainable forest management by actively reducing the effects on the environment.
 Screen Shot 2013-08-17 at 10.24.46 PM Carbon neutral
A product and/or operation that has had its carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions:
1) Calculated
2) Reduced where possible
3) “Offset” through credits that fund renewable, emission free energy products. The Kyoto Protocol mandates that these offsets must be “real, verifiable and additional to what would have otherwise occurred”.This logo applies to Mohawk products only Expression, Concept, Cambric and Enhance.

 

Sources:

Centre for Liveability Real Estate

Centre for Liveability Real Estate

In addition to their expertise in residential real estate, The Centre for Liveability Real Estate also works collaboratively with the sustainable design, construction, manufacturing and assessment and industries in the development of information on this site.

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