Liveability Guides

Our 12-month city planting guide shows you the planting months for various vegetables and fruits in your city’s climate for a vibrant, fresh and healthy garden.

Vegetable and Fruit Planting Calendar

Capital Cities Guide

Organic Gardening on the AllotmentThe Liveability Planting Calendar is brought to you by our community partner Cityfood Growers*.

Whether you’re a new or experienced gardener, our 12 month planting guide shows you the planting months for various vegetables and fruits for a vibrant, fresh and healthy garden.

Select the calendar for your city:

Once your crop has grown, check out our guide for storing fruit and vegetables without plastic.

Sydney

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian Greens/choy sumApril, May, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, February, September, October, November, DecemberShade well in summer months
BeetrootMarch, April, October, NovemberKeep very moist for good size
BroccoliMarch, April, October, NovemberBeware of cabbage moth for October and November plantings
Bush beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageMarch, April, October, NovemberBeware of cabbage moth for March plantings
CapsicumNovember, DecemberHappy plants may last for at least 1 year with at least 2 fruiting times
CarrotSeptember, October, NovemberKeep water high to expand carrots
CeleryMay, SeptemberKeep very moist during growing period
Climbing beansApril, May, September, October, November,Increase watering when fruiting
CucumberJanuary, February, March, October, November, December,Increase watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered or high levels of humidity
EggplantDecember, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat
LettuceApril, May, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleySeptember, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoApril, May, September, October, NovemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishMarch, April, May, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
RocketMay, June, July, August, SeptemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasApril, May, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops, especially strawberries
StrawberryJuly, August, SeptemberIncrease water when fruiting; fruit comes in winter/spring
Sugar snap peasApril, May, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, September, October, November, DecemberPlant in full sun and warm position, especially in cooler months
Sweet potatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoDecember, January, FebruaryBeware of fruit fly; allow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniJanuary, February, March, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Melbourne

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian Green/choy sumFebruary, March, April , October, November, DecemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, October , November , DecemberCreate shade in summer months
BeetrootJanuary, February, March, October , November, December Keep very moist for good size, especially in summer months
BroccoliFebruary, March, October, November, December Beware of cabbage moth for February and December plantings
Bush beansJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting, especially moving into summer months
CabbageFebruary, March, October, November, DecemberBeware of cabbage moth for February and December plantings
CapsicumDecemberKeep well watered while fruiting
CarrotFebruary, September, October, NovemberBeware of cabbage moth for February and December plantings
CeleryMarch, April, May, October, November Keep very moist during growing period, especially in warmer drier months
Climbing beansJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting, especially moving into summer months
CucumberJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered or high levels of humidity
EggplantDecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat; stake plants
LettuceMarch, April, September, October, November, DecemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleyOctober, November, December, JanuaryPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoFebruary, March, April, October, November, DecemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary , February, March, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishJanuary, February, March, April, October, NovemberPlant in between other crops to take up spaces
RocketMarch, April, May, June, July, August, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasFebruary, March, April, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Spring OnionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November , DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops, especially strawberries
StrawberryJuly, August, SeptemberIncrease water when fruiting; companion plant with spring onions and leeks to reduce slugs
Sugar snap peasFebruary, March, April, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberGrow in full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months
Sweet PotatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoOctober, November, December, JanuaryAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniJanuary, February, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Brisbane

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumApril, May, June, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, February, September, October, November, DecemberKeep shaded in summer months
BeetrootApril, May, June, September, October, NovemberKeep very moist in dry season
BroccoliMarch, April, MayBeware of cabbage moth for March plantings
Bush beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageMarch, April, May, JuneBeware of cabbage moth for March plantings
CapsicumNovember, December, JanuaryBeware fruit fly in wet season
CarrotApril, September, October, NovemberKeep very moist in dry season
CeleryMay, June, SeptemberKeep very moist in dry season
Climbing beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CucumberJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberSummer wet season can be a challenge
EggplantDecember, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting
LettuceApril, May, June, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleySeptember, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoApril, May, June, September, October, NovemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishMarch, April, May, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
RocketMay, June, July, August, SeptemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasApril, May, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops
StrawberryMarch, April, MayIncrease water when fruiting; fruit comes in winter/spring
Sugar snap peasApril, May, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, September, October, November, DecemberNeeds full sun and warm position for winter months
Sweet potatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoNovember, December, January, FebruarySummer wet season can be a challenge
ZucchiniJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberSummer wet season can be a challenge

[back to top]

Canberra

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumOctober, November, December, January, FebruaryBeware frost in October; planting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilNovember, DecemberPart shade is okay
BeetrootDecember, January, FebruaryKeep very moist for good size
BroccoliOctober, November, December, JanuaryBeware of frost in October and extreme heat for January
Bush beansOctober, November, December, JanuaryBeware frost in October and increase watering when fruiting
CabbageOctober, November, December, JanuaryBeware frost in October
CapsicumDecemberKeep up water to increase fruiting; loves full sun
CarrotOctober, November, December, JanuaryKeep water high to expand carrots
CeleryJanuary, February, August, September, October, DecemberKeep very moist during growing period; part shade in January
Climbing beansJanuary, February, March October, November, December,Increase watering when fruiting; beware frost in October
CucumberNovember, December, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered
EggplantDecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat
LettuceFebruary, March, September, October, November, December,Beware frost September and October and protect with poly tunnel covering
ParsleyNovember, DecemberGrows fast with increased watering in warmer months
PotatoJanuary, February, September, October, November, December,Do not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinOctober, November, December, JanuaryBeware frost in October; create lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishJanuary, February, March, September, October, November, December,Beware frost in October; create lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishJanuary, February, March, September, October, November, December,Keep up good watering and plant between spaces of larger crops
RocketMarch, April, October, November, December,Beware frost in October; can continue planting into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasJanuary, February, March, August, September, October, November, December,Avoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting; protect from frost in September and October
Spring onionsAugust, September, October, November, December, JanuaryCompanion plant with many of your other crops
StrawberryNovember, December, JanuaryIncrease water when fruiting; fruit comes in summer
Sugar snap peasJanuary, February, March, August, September, October, November, December,Avoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting; protect from frost in September and October
Sweet cornJanuary, February, October, November, December,Plant in full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months; protect from frost in October
Tomato November, DecemberAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniNovember, December, JanuaryAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Perth

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumApril, May, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberCreate shade in summer months
BeetrootMarch, April, October, NovemberKeep very moist for good size
BroccoliMarch, April, September, OctoberBeware of cabbage moth for March, October, November plantings
Bush beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageMarch, April, May, September, OctoberBeware of cabbage moth for March and October plantings
CapsicumNovember, DecemberKeep well watered while fruiting
CarrotMarch, September, October, NovemberWater well to expand carrots, especially during warmer drier months
CeleryMarch, April, May, September, OctoberKeep very moist during growing period, especially in warmer drier months
Climbing beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CucumberJanuary, February, March, September, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered or high levels of humidity
EggplantNovember, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat; stake plants
LettuceMarch, April, May, June, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleyOctober, November, December, JanuaryPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoMarch, April, May, September, October, NovemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishFebruary, March, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberPlant in between other crops to take up spaces
RocketApril, May, June, July, August, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould which reduces fruiting
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops, especially strawberries
StrawberryFebruary, March, April, May, JuneIncrease water when fruiting; companion plant with spring onions and leeks to reduce slugs
Sugar snap peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, September, October, November, DecemberNeeds full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months
Sweet potatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoOctober, November, December, January, FebruaryAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniJanuary, February, March, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Adelaide

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumFebruary, March, April, October, November, DecemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, October, November, DecemberCreate shade in summer months
BeetrootFebruary, March, April, October, November, DecemberKeep very moist for good size, especially in warm dry months
BroccoliFebruary, March, April, September, October, November, DecemberBeware of cabbage moth for February, November and December plantings
Bush beansJanuary, February, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageFebruary, March, September, October, NovemberBeware of cabbage moth for February and November plantings
CapsicumDecemberKeep well watered while fruiting
CarrotSeptember, October, November, DecemberKeep water high to expand carrots, especially during warmer drier months
CeleryMarch, April, May, September, October, NovemberKeep very moist during growing period, especially in warmer drier months
Climbing beansJanuary, February, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CucumberJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered or high levels of humidity
EggplantDecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat; stake plants
LettuceFebruary, March, April, May, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleyOctober, November, December, JanuaryPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoFebruary, March, April, May, September, October, NovemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary, February, March, October, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishFebruary, March, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberPlant in between other crops to take up spaces
RocketMarch, April, May, June, July, August, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops, especially strawberries
StrawberryJune, July, AugustIncrease water when fruiting; companion plant with spring onions and leeks to reduce slugs
Sugar snap peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, September, October, November, DecemberGrow in full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months
Sweet potatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoOctober, November, December, JanuaryAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Hobart

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumNovember, December, January, FebruaryPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilDecemberPart shade is okay
BeetrootJanuary, February, MarchKeep very moist for good size
BroccoliOctober, November, December, January, FebruaryBeware of frost in October and extreme heat in January
Bush beansDecember, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageOctober, November, December, January, FebruaryBeware of frost in October
CapsicumNot suitableClimate too cool unless you create a very warm spot in summer
CarrotNovember, DecemberKeep water high to expand carrots
CeleryJanuary, February, March, DecemberKeep very moist during growing period
Climbing beansDecember, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting
CucumberDecember, JanuaryIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered
EggplantNot suitableClimate too cool unless you create a very warm spot in summer
LettuceJanuary, February, March, October, November, DecemberBeware frost in October and protect with poly tunnel covering
ParsleyDecemberGrows fast with increased watering in warmer months
PotatoJanuary, February, March, DecemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinNovember, December, JanuaryCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishJanuary, February, March, DecemberKeep up good watering and plant between spaces of larger crops
RocketJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberBeware frost in October; planting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasJanuary, February, March, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops
StrawberrySeptember, OctoberIncrease water when fruiting; fruit comes in summer
Sugar snap peasJanuary, February, March, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornDecember, January, FebruaryPlant in full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months
Sweet potatoNot suitableClimate too cool unless you can find a cool climate variety
TomatoDecemberAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniDecember, JanuaryAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Perth

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian greens/choy sumApril, May, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
BasilJanuary, February, October, November, DecemberCreate shade in summer months
BeetrootMarch, April, October, NovemberKeep very moist for good size
BroccoliMarch, April, September, OctoberBeware of cabbage moth for March, October, November plantings
Bush beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CabbageMarch, April, May, September, OctoberBeware of cabbage moth for March and October plantings
CapsicumNovember, DecemberKeep well watered while fruiting
CarrotMarch, September, October, NovemberWater well to expand carrots, especially during warmer drier months
CeleryMarch, April, May, September, OctoberKeep very moist during growing period, especially in warmer drier months
Climbing beansMarch, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting
CucumberJanuary, February, March, September, October, November, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; beware of mould if overwatered or high levels of humidity
EggplantNovember, DecemberIncrease watering when fruiting; loves heat; stake plants
LettuceMarch, April, May, June, September, October, NovemberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
ParsleyOctober, November, December, JanuaryPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
PotatoMarch, April, May, September, October, NovemberDo not overwater; hold in moisture with mulch
PumpkinJanuary, February, March, April, October, November, DecemberCreate lots of space and keep out of vegie patch
RadishFebruary, March, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberPlant in between other crops to take up spaces
RocketApril, May, June, July, August, September, OctoberPlanting can continue into summer months if plants kept shaded
Snow peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould which reduces fruiting
Spring onionsJanuary, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, DecemberCompanion plant with many of your other crops, especially strawberries
StrawberryFebruary, March, April, May, JuneIncrease water when fruiting; companion plant with spring onions and leeks to reduce slugs
Sugar snap peasMarch, April, May, August, September, October, NovemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould which reduces fruiting
Sweet cornJanuary, February, March, April, September, October, November, DecemberNeeds full sun and warm position, especially for cooler months
Sweet potatoNovember, DecemberGrows all year round
TomatoOctober, November, December, January, FebruaryAllow good airflow to reduce disease potential
ZucchiniJanuary, February, March, October, November, DecemberAvoid watering on leaves as this can increase mould, which reduces fruiting

[back to top]

Darwin

CropsPlanting MonthsGrowing Comments
Asian Green/choy sumJuneCreate shade if temperatures too warm; position next to climbing plants
BasilJune, July, AugustCreate shade if temperatures too warm, position next to climbing plants and plant with tomatoes
BeetrootJuneKeep up high water levels
BroccoliNot suitable for climateCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden. Challenging
Bush beansMay, June, JulyKeep up water levels when fruiting and add compost
CabbageNot suitable for climateTry Asian cabbage such as wong bok; too hot for traditional temperate varieties. Make sure you create shade
CapsicumJune, July, AugustKeep up high water levels and water at ground level only to reduce mould
CarrotNot suitable for climateCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden. Challenging, but look for varieties that grow in hot climates
CeleryNot suitable for climateCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden. Challenging
Climbing beansMay, June, JulyKeep up water levels when fruiting and add compost
CucumberJune, July, AugustKeep up high water levels when fruiting and water at ground level only to reduce mould
Egg PlantApril , May, June, September , October , November, DecemberKeep up reasonable water levels when fruiting
LettuceJuneCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden. Challenging, but look for varieties that grow in hot climates such as Cos
ParsleyJune, July, AugustKeep well watered and moist; does not mind some shade
PotatoNot suitable for climateCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden
PumpkinJune, July, AugustDoes not need much care; give it plenty of space and enjoy
RadishJune, July, AugustA no-fuss plant; plant between crops
RocketNot suitable for climateCan only grow if you create a partially shady and cooler spot in your garden
Snow peasJuneTemperature is marginal for this crop, so look for a cooler spot in your garden
Spring OnionsJune, July, AugustHighly productive no-fuss plant; plant between crops and water well
StrawberryJune, JulyKeep up reasonable water levels when fruiting and plant in sandy soil
Sugar snap peasJune, JulyTemperature is marginal for this crop, so look for a cooler spot in your garden
Sweet cornJune, July, AugustMake sure your soil is well prepared for this heavy feeder crop
Sweet PotatoApril, May, June, July, August, September, October, November , DecemberVery easy to grow, plant and let it go
TomatoMay, JuneWater at ground level to reduce potential for disease and companion plant with basil
ZucciniJune, July, AugustKeep up water and do not water leaves as plant very prone to mould

[back to top]

Tell me more!

*Cityfood Growers Organic Gardener has more detailed information for each of the crops on the Liveability Planting Calendar plus another 270 vegetables, herbs, fruit trees and Australian bush foods. The Cityfood Growers Organic Gardener online subscription is available from Cityfood Growers.

Sources:

  • Feature image credit to ©iStock.com/zocchi2
Peter Kearney

Peter Kearney

Peter's commitment to organic food growing in cities commenced in his childhood and has carried through his work life whilst living in urban environments. His business Cityfood Growers, formed in 2007, has one of the largest urban food growing web sites in Australia.

Comments are closed.